The discussion of Had Kifayah has basically been done by scholars and experts in various literatures. However, until now, Indonesia has never had a clear and objective value of Had Kifayah. In a public discussion in Jakarta on Wednesday (23/5), Director of the BAZNAS Center of Strategic Studies (Puskas BAZNAS), Irfan Syauqi Beik said that the study of Had Kifayah done by Puskas BAZNAS can be used as a reference in the distribution of zakat in Indonesia. "Had Kifayah is the limit of sufficiency or basic needs of a person/family coupled with the adequacy of dependents available as an effort to establish the eligibility of zakat recipients (mustahik) for poor people according to local and socio-economic conditions," he said.

Assessments made to determine the sufficiency limit of Had Kifayah include seven (7) dimensions, namely: food, clothing, house and household facilities, worship, education, health and transportation. These seven dimensions are based on a viable living needs analysis in the perspective of the Maqasid Shari'ah. The value of Had Kifayah is determined per family, assuming the average of each family consists of 4 people, namely husband, wife, 1 (one) elementary school child, and 1 (one) child of junior high school age. The assumption of the average number of family members is based on a survey that has been conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS), while the determination of education level refers to the compulsory education rules set by the government.

Irfan also said that in Malaysia, Malaysia's Lembaga Zakat Selangor (LZS) has long used the Had Kifayah (HK) standard as the basis for the distribution of zakat in Selangor, Malaysia. However, there are different methods of calculation between Had Kifayah in both institutions. LZS calculates Had Kifayah based on the amount of expenditure per family while the method used by Puskas BAZNAS is to take into account the basic cost needed by a family to survive.

The result of Had Kifayah's calculation shows that the average Had Kifayah in Indonesia reaches Rp3,011,142/family/month, whereas individual Had Kifayah reaches Rp772,088/capita/month. The three provinces that have the lowest Had Kifayah value are Central Sulawesi (Rp2,844,637/family/month), Jambi (Rp2,833,264/family/month) and Central Java (Rp2,791,147/family/month). Meanwhile, the three provinces that have the highest Had Kifayah value are West Papua (Rp3,317,964/family/month), Papua (Rp3.340.837/family/month) and East Nusa Tenggara (Rp3,363,105/family/month).

Based on the study of Had Kifayah, the recommendation of the distribution of zakat can be divided into two major groups, namely distribution and utilization of zakat. Charity and emergency aid (distribution) is given to the mustahik of poor and needy who are considered unable yet to fulfill their basic needs, or in other words those who earn less than Had Kifayah (<Rp3.011.142/family/month). As for mustahik who have the same income or exceed the number of Had Kifayah but still under the zakat nishab (between Rp3,011,142 and Rp 4,160,000/family/month), are focused on activities that are productive (utilization) such as entrepreneurship and community empowerment programs.

Meanwhile, BAZNAS Commissioner Nana Mintarti explained that the recommendation of determining mustahik for the distribution and utilization program based on the value of Had Kifayah is still open based on the location and condition of the mustahik. In determining each category, the mustahik in the area of both distribution and utilization, are also required to be assessed further and more comprehensive, as well as taking into account other instruments such as the National Zakat Index (IZN) and Zakat Village Index (IDZ) established by the National Board of Zakat (BAZNAS). Nana appreciated this Puskas study as part of BAZNAS's breakthrough and policy innovation while demonstrating the growing importance of research-based policy in the development of national zakat today. "Hopefully people become more convinced of BAZNAS commitment to always improve the quality of zakat management in the country", Nana concluded.

(puskasbaznas.com)